Migration was top of the agenda at the informal summit of EU leaders in Malta last Friday. They adopted the Malta Declaration, which focuses on measures to stem the flow of migration from Libya to Italy. In the declaration they noted that on the Central Mediterranean route over 181,000 irregular migrants arrived in 2016, and the number of persons dead or missing at sea has reached a new record every year since 2013. With the spring approaching, leaders decided to take additional action to significantly reduce migratory flows, break the business model of smugglers and save lives. In particular, the agreed to step up cooperation with the Libyan authorities. Leaders also discussed preparations for the upcoming 60th anniversary of the Rome Treaties on 25 March 2017.